Licentiate of Medicine 1984, Specialist in Surgery 1990, Specialist in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery 1992, Doctor of Medicine 1993, Professor of Surgery (ordinarius) 2000, eMBA 2009, University of Oulu.
Research: Assistant Research Professor, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, N.Y., USA 1995-1997, 278 original articles cited 7,931 times, h-index 48 (Scopus).
Central nervous system protection in cardiac and aortic surgery
- English, Finnish, Swedish
- Positions of responsibility
Permanent expert in cardiac surgery at the Patient Injury Board and Valvira