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Illness

Many ordinary symptoms and conditions can be safely treated and medicated during pregnancy.

Sairaana oleva nainen istuu kotona sohvalla

Ticks

Ticks spread both borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE).

Cytomegalovirus infection (CMV)

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) belongs to the family of herpes viruses. It is transmitted through bodily fluids (saliva, blood). The incubation period for a first-time infection, or primary infection, is several weeks, generally 6 to 8 weeks. The most dangerous case for the fetus is if the mother has a primary infection.

Toxoplasma

Toxoplasma gondi is a parasite whose principal hosts are felines. Toxoplasma reproduces in the digestive tract of felines and spreads to the environment via their feces.

Shingles

Shingles is a local infection but may cause a chicken pox infection in a person who has never had chicken pox if there is direct contact with the shingles blisters.

Food poisoning and stomach flu

An ordinary case of food poisoning or a ‘stomach bug’ pose no risk to the fetus.

Listeria

The Listeria monocytogenes bacterium lives in the soil and in the digestive tracts of animals. It is part of the normal digestive tract flora of some humans as well.

Parasites

There are parasite medications that can be safely used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Migraine

There are medications for migraine attacks and allergy symptoms that can be safely used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Yeast infection (candidiasis) and bacterial vaginosis

Yeast infection (candidiasis) and bacterial vaginosis are to be primarily treated using topical care products during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Constipation and hemorrhoids

Nearly half of all pregnant women have constipation at some point in their pregnancy.

Allergy and asthma

If you need asthma medication, do not stop taking it during pregnancy. Not taking medication for asthma that requires treatment can expose the fetus and newborn infant to problems, some of them serious.

Common cold and influenza

It is important for pregnant women to protect themselves against influenza.

Zika virus and malaria

When you are planning a pregnancy, you need to consider any travel plans you may have with additional care. If you had planned to travel to an area of high risk (e.g. for infectious diseases such as Zika virus or malaria), you should not go.

Infectious childhood diseases

Chicken pox and erythema infectiosum or ‘fifth disease’ are diseases that may cause significant harm to the fetus if contracted by a pregnant woman.