Examinations and procedures

​Radiographic examinations are part of basic diagnostics for lung patients. The necessary examinations are prescribed based on symptoms and the underlying disease. In addition to chest X-rays (thorax), a change seen in the lungs can be examined more closely with a computer or ultrasound. If necessary, samples of the changes in the lungs are collected computer or ultrasound guided.

Pulmonary function tests are used for examining lung diseases and for monitoring treatment.

  • Spirometry examines the functional capacity of the lungs by measuring the volume and flow rates of exhaled air.
  • Pulmonary diffusing capacity examination measures the exchange of respiratory gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between the pulmonary alveoli and circulation.

In bronchoscopy a thin, flexible tube is led through the mouth (or nose) to bronchial tubes where it can be used to take different samples (e.g. aspiration biopsies and brush biopsies) to examine lung findings.

Studies during sleep
Studies during sleep are used to examine respiratory disturbances during sleep. These can be performed in different units.