In addition to adverse health effects caused by indoor air, allergology examines allergic pulmonary and skin diseases in adults and children, and ear, nose and throat diseases to the extent they are related to allergic problems. The speciality of adult allergology concentrates on the treatment of asthma and obstructive pulmonary diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), atopic eczema and urticaria, drug and food allergies, chronic maxillary sinusitis and allergic eye symptoms. Pediatric allergology treats atopic eczemas in children of all ages, in addition to food allergies, asthma, and other allergic diseases.
Allergology clinics and the day ward operate in the Allergology Outpatient Clinic, Allergy Day Ward 2 and in the Pediatric Unit. In addition to outpatient operations, the allergy day ward has nine beds for patients receiving intensified treatment for asthma or who are undergoing drug or food provocation tests.
Patients afflicted with severe asthma, atopic eczema or chronic, severe urticaria or those suffering from a difficult food allergy are typical allergological patients. The Skin and Allergy Hospital does not have an actual emergency clinic, but the Adult Day Ward and Pediatric Unit treat emergencies based on referral.
Along with regular asthma and allergy medication, the treatment selection includes a range of desensitisations (pollen, animal epithelium and food allergy, acetylsalicylic acid intolerance) and drug therapies for severe asthma and chronic severe urticaria.
In the case of severe allergies, clarifying the cause of the anaphylaxis is a part of the Allergy Unit’s task. In the Pediatric Unit, children undergoing food allergy and drug provocation tests are monitored from morning until afternoon.​