​The sensitive mucous lining in children's nostrils is full of tiny blood vessels which start to bleed if they are injured. Nosebleeds are easily triggered by mucous membrane irritation caused by a blocked nose or common cold and by being hit on the nose.

Treating a nosebleed at home

Place the child leaning forward on a chair. Do not let your child lie down. When lying down, the blood flows through the pharynx to the stomach, possibly causing vomiting after a short delay.

Firmly pinch the bridge of the nose on both sides with your fingers for a few minutes. If bleeding continues after you let go, firmly pinch the nose again.

Place an ice pack or a pack of frozen vegetables covered with a towel, for example, or a cold, wet towel on your child's neck. Never place an ice pack or a pack of frozen vegetables directly onto the skin.

If bleeding persists, seek medical assistance (health centre, private practitioner). If your child has recurring and persistent nosebleeds, seek medical attention.