​The common cold is one of the most common diseases. Caused by a viral infection, common colds can be spread even before any symptoms are present and the onset of symptoms is typically sudden. Colds can be caught through direct contact (hands) and through the air. Stopping a cold from spreading is very difficult, but it can be controlled by good hand hygiene. The incubation period is a couple of days, and a cold usually lasts 1 to 2 weeks.


  • runny or blocked nose
  • sore throat
  • fever




Colds are caused by viruses and, therefore, cannot be treated with antibiotics. However, you can ease the symptoms by giving your child antipyretics to lower the fever, for example. Offer plenty of fluids and make sure your child gets sufficient rest.

If your child feels well enough, there is no need to prevent play. However, do not let a child with a fever play outside, especially if the weather is chilly. If your child is used to taking a nap outdoors, there is no need to change the habit because of a cold, provided that the weather is good and the child warmly dressed.