The speciality of neurology includes the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of diseases of the nervous system or the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and muscles. Neurological symptoms and diseases are common. They are examined and treated in all spheres of health care, including health centres, occupational health care, regional and central hospitals and university hospitals. Patients are admitted to neurological care via two routes; in emergencies, patients are brought to the hospital in an ambulance based on an assessment made by the prehospital emergency care, and in less urgent and non-urgent cases, admission is based on a referral made by the patient’s own physician.
If you or your family member suffer from neurological symptoms and you are unsure as to when and where you should seek for treatment, please contact the health line on 09 10023.
The most common neurological symptoms and diseases
Headache, muscle weakness, clumsiness, dizziness, tremor and numbness are common neurological problems. In addition, neurological disorders can cause disturbances in perception, logical thinking, speech production or understanding, identification of matters or memory. In addition, paroxysmal symptoms such as certain visual disturbances and grand mal seizures belong to the field of neurological symptoms.
Cerebrovascular disorders or cerebral infarction and cerebral haemorrhage are a significant group of diseases belonging to neurology. These illnesses belong to a larger group of cardiovascular diseases that Finnish people are particularly susceptible to due to hereditary factors and living habits. In many cases, cerebrovascular disorders cause permanent symptoms, such as paralyses and inability to speak that restrict functional capacity. This is why their effective prevention, prehospital emergency care and rehabilitation are of key importance.
Migraine and epilepsy are other, relatively common, long-term diseases belonging to the field of neurology. The most common neurological autoimmune disease is multiple sclerosis (MS). With age, motor disorder diseases such as Parkinson's disease and memory diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease become more common. Sequelae of a range of serious brain injuries cause long-term neurological disturbance.
In addition, the speciality of neurology includes a group of rarer disease groups such as hereditary muscle diseases and various autoimmune and degenerative diseases.
Staggering of treatment and examination of neurological symptoms and diseases in the HUS area.